What are the 5 modes of transmission of communicable diseases?
How do these communicable diseases spread?
- physical contact with an infected person, such as through touch (staphylococcus), sexual intercourse (gonorrhea, HIV), fecal/oral transmission (hepatitis A), or droplets (influenza, TB)
- contact with a contaminated surface or object (Norwalk virus), food (salmonella, E.
What are the 4 routes of transmission?
The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.
Is mode of transmission by kissing?
Kissing offers many health benefits, but may also transmit a small number of disease-causing bacteria and viruses. Bacteria and viruses in the saliva or blood of one person can be spread to another person by kissing. Some diseases are more easily spread than others.
What is the number one mode of transmission?
Contact is the most frequent mode of transmission of health care associated infections and can be divided into: direct and indirect. An example of contact transmitted microorganisms is Noroviruses which are responsible for many gastrointestinal infections.
What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?
Some examples of the communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.
What are the 10 communicable diseases?
List of Communicable Diseases
- Enterovirus D68.
- Hepatitis A.
- Hepatitis B.
What are the two kinds of transmission?
There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person. Indirect contact transmission occurs when there is no direct human-to-human contact.
Which of the following is the most common mode of transmission?
Contact transmission. The most common mode of transmission, contact transmission is divided into two subgroups: direct contact and indirect contact.
Which diseases are carried in body fluids?
Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:
- hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.
- hepatitis C – blood.
- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.
- cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.
Which disease is spread by droplet transmission?
Measles and TB are airborne-exclusive diseases. There are several other diseases that spread through respiratory droplets, which can exist either in the air or on surfaces. These diseases include: Chickenpox.
Can I get syphilis from kissing?
Although kissing is considered to be low-risk when compared to intercourse and oral sex, it’s possible for kissing to transmit CMV, herpes, and syphilis. CMV can be present in saliva, and herpes and syphilis can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, particularly at times when sores are present.
Why is lip kiss important?
Kissing stimulates your salivary glands, which increases saliva production. Saliva lubricates your mouth, aids in swallowing, and helps keep food debris from sticking to your teeth, which can help prevent tooth decay and cavities.