The brushless DC motor is becoming increasingly popular in the industrial and HVAC sectors as it negates the mechanical commutator used in traditional motors. The brushless DC motor (BLDC) replaces the mechanical commutator with an electronic device which improves the reliability and durability of the unit.
Why are BLDC motors widely used in industry?
Common uses of brushless DC motors in industrial engineering are linear motors, servomotors, actuators for industrial robots, extruder drive motors and feed drives for CNC machine tools. … BLDC motors are preferred in robotic applications because of their reliability, power density, compact size and ease of maintenance.
Why BLDC motors are preferred in high rpm applications?
BLDC motors have many advantages over brushed DC motors and induction motors, such as a better speed versus torque characteristics, high dynamic response, high efficiency and reliability, long operating life (no brush erosion), noiseless operation, higher speed ranges, and reduction of electromagnetic interference (EMI …
What are the disadvantages of BLDC motor?
Disadvantages of brushless DC motors:
- Cost: Rare-earth permanent magnets are much more expensive than other permanent magnets, which leads to an increase in motor costs.
- Limited constant power range: A large constant power range is critical to achieving high vehicle efficiency.
Why is BLDC motor better than induction motor?
The DC brushless drive can also operate at unity power factor, whereas the best power factor for the induction drive is about 85 percent. This means that the peak point energy efficiency for a DC brushless drive will typically be a few percentage points higher than for an induction drive.
Which are the advantages of BLDC motor low cost?
Seven Advantages of Brushless DC Motors
- Better speed versus torque characteristics.
- High dynamic response.
- High efficiency.
- Long operating life due to a lack of electrical and friction losses.
- Noiseless operation.
- Higher speed ranges.
What are the types of BLDC motor?
There are three classifications of the BLDC motor: single-phase, two-phase and three-phase. This discussion assumes that the stator for each type has the same number of windings. The single-phase and three-phase motors are the most widely used.
How long do brushless motors last?
If you are looking for a motor with a long life expectancy, consider a brushless motor. Brushed motor life is limited by the brush type and can attain 1,000 to 3,000 hours on average, while brushless motors can attain tens of thousands of hours on average, as there are no brushes to wear.
How do you control a BLDC motor?
One of the simplest methods of control for dc brushless motors uses what is termed Trapezoidal commutation. In this scheme, current is controlled through motor terminals one pair at a time, with the third motor terminal always electrically disconnected from the source of power.
How do you increase the power of a BLDC motor?
Since the torque constant depends on the magnetic circuit, the objective during motor design is to have the maximum flux generated by the magnet going through the winding. One way to increase the torque constant, is to use stronger magnets, such as NeoFe which today are close of 50 MGoe.
How do you make a BLDC motor more efficient?
Brush contact losses -result from the voltage drop betweenthe brushes and the commutator, in the case of a brushed DC motor. Using permanent magnets in the rotor helps keep BLDC motor and PMSMrotors small and inertias low.