When you want to use a DC motor in a robotic or mechatronic project, you should considered some basic properties such as direction, speed, voltage, current, power and torque. Direction : DC motors have mostly two terminals, across the voltage is applied.
What is self loading property of DC motor?
4. Which DC motor has got maximum self-loading property? Explanation: A differentially compound DC motor, flux reduces so sharply at small increase in load at higher values of load. It is advisable that motor should not be used beyond some load value, as it may damage itself by self-loading.
What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?
Six Key Components That Make Up Your Industrial Electric Motor
- 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
- 3) The Bearings. …
- 4) The Windings. …
- 5) The Air Gap. …
- 6) The Commutator. …
- What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
How can the speed of a DC motor be controlled?
Thus, the speed of a DC motor can control in three ways: By varying the flux, and by varying the current through field winding. By varying the armature voltage, and the armature resistance. Through the supply voltage.
Where is DC series motor used?
Series DC motors are generally used where high starting torque is required, and speed variations are possible. These types of direct connection motors are, for instance, used in the traction system, cranes, air compressors, vacuum cleaners, sewing machines, etc.
What are the advantages of DC motors?
Good speed control
DC motors offer highly controllable speed. By changing the armature or field voltage it’s possible to achieve wide speed variation and with this level of controllability, DC motors offer the precision required by a wide range of industry applications.
What type of DC motor is used in traction system?
The motors used are induction or asynchronous motors designed to have characteristics suitable for traction. The speed and torque of the motor are controlled by varying the frequency, voltage and current applied to the stator coils. Motors for a typical locomotive would be in the range 400 to 600 kW.
How do you stop a DC motor?
Braking a small, high-speed DC motor
- You can briefly reverse power them. …
- A DC motor can be stopped by shorting the motor terminals. …
- I have performed the experiment above with the L293D controller, and the results are basically the same as shorting the motor terminals with a piece of wire.
What are the two main parts of DC motor?
DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.