A bumper is a structure attached to or integrated with the front and rear ends of a motor vehicle, to absorb impact in a minor collision, ideally minimizing repair costs.
What is the purpose of a rear bumper?
The purpose of bumpers is to reduce or prevent physical damage to the front and rear of vehicles in low-speed crashes. The bumpers are designed to protect the hood, trunk, grill, fuel, exhaust and cooling system. A bumper is a shield that is usually made of steel, aluminum, rubber or plastic.
What is the bumper of a car called?
It’s called the front end. The fenders are on the front of the vehicle.
What is a front bumper?
countable noun. Bumpers are bars at the front and back of a vehicle which protect it if it bumps into something.
Do cars have front and back bumpers?
Most states require your car to have bumpers (often both front and rear), but others will allow you to drive a car if it was specifically designed without bumpers.
Do I need a rear bumper on my car?
State Laws Requiring Bumpers
Most state laws require automobiles to have front bumpers. … California’s law is typical. Article 11.5 of the Vehicle Code, section 28071, provides: “Every passenger vehicle registered in this state shall be equipped with a front bumper and with a rear bumper.
How much impact can a rear bumper take?
Today, standard passenger vehicle bumpers have a rigid reinforcing bar under the outer cover, with sections of compressible foam or plastic underneath. In the United States, passenger car bumpers must absorb a five mph impact from another vehicle with no damage to the car body. The foam or plastic make this possible.
What plastic are car bumpers made of?
Car manufacturers use a variety of plastics to make bumpers. The most common include polycarbonates, polypropylene, polyamides, polyesters, polyurethanes, and thermoplastic olefins or TPOs; many bumpers contain a combination of these different materials.
What is a car bumper called in America?
“Bumper” is a standard term in the US, but it’s … stops and the bumper begins. They are no longer protective. It’s a common BrEtcE misconception that our “bumper” is your “fender”, when in fact it’s our “mudguard/wing” that’s your “fender” and bumpers are bumpers everywhere.
How many bumpers does a car have?
In the state of California, all registered passenger vehicles are required to have both a front and a rear bumper during operation. Bumper height modification is permitted with a maximum frame height of 23 in.
Why do cars no longer have bumpers?
The primary reason why cars have no longer bumpers is due to the federal law that needs rear and front bumper to withstand the results of a lower speed with no or little damage to the car. … Individuals often like a clean look with no rear or front bumpers.
What are the dots on car bumpers?
Parking sensors are proximity sensors for road vehicles designed to alert the driver of obstacles while parking. These systems use either electromagnetic or ultrasonic sensors.