# Your question: What is the purpose of overload protection in a motor control circuit?

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Overload protection relays prevent motor damage by monitoring the current in the motor circuit and breaking the circuit when an electrical overload or a phase failure is detected.

## What is the purpose of overloads in a control circuit?

Thermal overload relays are designed to protect the conductors (windings) in a motor. These protective devices are designed to keep the flow of current in a circuit at a safe level to prevent the circuit conductors from overheating. Excessive current is referred to as overcurrent.

## What is motor overload protection?

Overload relays protect the motor, motor branch circuit, and motor branch circuit components from excessive heat from the overload condition. … They protect the motor by monitoring the current flowing in the circuit.

## What is the basic purpose of an overload device in an AC motor controller?

The overload protection device in the motor starter detects excessive over-current conditions in the motor by measuring the motor current through the contactor’s power circuit. When an overload condition exists, the overload contacts in the lower power motor control circuit de-energizes the contactors.

## What is difference between overcurrent and overload protection?

ANSWER: Overcurrent protection is protection against excessive currents or current beyond the acceptable current rating of equipment. It generally operates instantly. … Overload protection is a protection against a running overcurrent that would cause overheating of the protected equipment.

## How do you protect an engine from overload?

Motor overload protection is necessary to protect the motor and to help ensure the motor performs as expected. Continuous duty motors are protected against overload by a separate overload device sized between 115% and 125% of the motor nameplate full-load current, FLA.

## How do you set a motor overload?

Some manufacturers have the 125% setting built in, which means you must set the overload protection at the motor’s nameplate current. If the 125% value is not built into the relay, you must set it at the motor’s nameplate current + 25%.

## How do you check motor overload?

1. Measure the normal motor running current (i motor).
2. Turn off the motor and let it cool for about 10 minutes.
3. Calculate the following ratio: i (motor) / i (overload min FLA). …
4. Set the overload to its minimum FLA and turn on the motor.
5. Wait for the overload to trip.

## What must be done before a motor overload can be reset?

the overload relay cannot be reset until the overload heater has cooled. The overload relay is reset by first turning the starter all the way off and then turning it back on.